Santa Coloma de Gramenet is part of the metropolitan area of Barcelona. With an area of 7 km2, its population amounts to 120.029 inhabitants, of which 26.278 were born outside of Spain (21.89%).
The city is divided into 6 administrative districts, but most of the population is concentrated in the districts V and VI, which at the same time have the largest ethno-cultural diversity, as 55.5% of these districts’ population is of foreign origin. Diversity is also present among the Spanish nationals, while most are born in Catalonia (61.8%), many come from Andalusia (20.6%), Extremadura (5%), Castilla-La Mancha (3.5%), Castilla-León (2.7%) and Galicia (1.7%).
The population of foreign origin is comprised of more than 100 different nationalities. By geographical area, Latin-American nationals are amount to more than 30% of foreign population followed by Chinese (20%), North African (16%) and South Asian (13%) nationals. From Europe, 7% are nationals of other EU countries, while 4% are from third countries.
Santa Coloma de Gramenet is a workers’ city; with a workforce mainly commuting to Barcelona and its metropolitan area. Besides some small business, the local industry is not strong enough to provide commensurate workplaces.
The city is a very well connected, both with public and private transport. Among the most significant milestones in recent years, was the composition of a university campus, initiatives to transform the Besos river zone into a public space and a project to improve local mobility and accessibility. Due to its complex orography, elevators have become a useful tool to increase local intercommunication.
The overall picture of the city is defined by:
Since 1998, a permanent vocation led by the local government in order to carry out policies of social cohesion and coexistence using instruments such the ten-years old initiative “Red de Valores y Mensajes Positivos para la Convivencia” (Network of Positive Values and Messages for Coexistence” and the “Equipo de Mediación y Apoyo a las Comunidades de Propietarios/as” (Mediation and Support Team for Owner Communities).
Santa Coloma de Gramenet: Results of the Intercultural Cities Index